The Berimbau is a traditional Angolan musical bow that is commonly used in Brazil. It consists of a single-stringed bow attached to a gourd resonator and is played with a stick and a coin or stone to create different tones and rhythms1. The Berimbau was used in many parts of Africa and Brazil during the 19th century to accompany chants and storytelling1. It is part of the candomblé tradition, later incorporated into the Afro-Brazilian art capoeira1. Until the mid-20th century, it was used almost exclusively within the black community, but after the popularization of capoeira, it gained wider popularity1. Today, Berimbau is used in various genres of popular music.
The Berimbau is an adaptation of African gourde musical bows, as no Indigenous Brazilian or European people use musical bows12. According to the musicologist Gerard Kubik, the Berimbau and the “southwest Angolan variety called mbulumbumba are identical in construction and playing technique, as well as in tuning and in a number of basic patterns played”1. The assimilation of this Angolan instrument is evident also in other Bantu terms used for musical bow in Brazilian Portuguese, including urucungo, and madimba lungungu1.
The Berimbau is a stringed instrument used to accompany the martial art of capoeira, a dance-fighting style that originated in Brazil2. It is made of wood and has a metal disc or stone on the wire, and a gourd resonator2. The Berimbau produces different rhythms with the dobrão, a stick, and the caxixí, a rattle2. The instrument is typically just under 5 feet (1.5 meters) long, and it is strung with a single metal wire, called an arame, that is typically drawn from an old truck or automobile2.
The Berimbau has a unique sound that is both haunting and beautiful. It is often used in Brazilian music to create a sense of mystery and intrigue3. The Berimbau has been used in many famous songs and lyrics, including “Berimbau” by Baden Powell, “Berimbau/Consolação” by Vinicius de Moraes, and “Berimbau Metalizado” by Ivete Sangalo3. The instrument has also been featured in many movies and TV shows, including “Only the Strong” and “Capoeira: Fly Away Beetle”3.
The Berimbau has a rich history and is an important part of Brazilian culture. It is used in many educational and professional settings, including music schools and orchestras4. The Berimbau is also used in many cultural festivals and events, including the Carnival of Brazil4. The instrument has many unique features, including its gourd resonator, which gives it a distinct sound2. The Berimbau is also known for its use in the martial art of capoeira, where it is used to create a rhythm for the fighters2.
In conclusion, the Berimbau is a unique and important musical instrument that has a rich history and is an important part of Brazilian culture. It has been used in many famous songs and lyrics, and it is often featured in movies and TV shows. The Berimbau is used in many educational and professional settings, and it has many unique features that make it a fascinating instrument to study and play1234.
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